The captain and the pilot of the City of Rotterdam have each been sentenced to four months in prison, suspended for 18 months, for their involvement in the collision with the Primula Seaways on 3 December 2015 having pleaded guilty to charges of conduct endangering a ship. The UK Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) report concluded incident was due to the pilot’s loss of situational awareness, arising from an unusual bridge and window layout, and the bridge team’s failure to intervene. The Judge acknowledged that the design of the ship may have contributed to the accident. Capt Eric W Casson of McAusland & Turner was appointed as the expert adviser to the UK MCGA.